Publications

Some results from Resilient Shorelines and related projects are listed here. 

Journal papers
Orchard, S. (2018). Growing citizen science for conservation to support diverse project objectives and the motivations of volunteers. Pacific Conservation Biologydoi:10.1071/PC18011
Orchard, S., & Hickford, M. J. H. (2018). Protected area effectiveness for fish spawning habitat in relation to earthquake-induced landscape change. bioRxiv 283333. doi:10.1101/283333
Orchard, S., Hickford, M. J. H., & Schiel, D. R. (2018). Earthquake-induced habitat migration in a riparian spawning fish has implications for conservation management. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 28(3)702-712. doi:10.1002/aqc.2898
Orchard, D. S. E., Hickford, M. J. H., & Schiel, D. R. (2018). Use of artificial habitats to detect spawning sites for the conservation of Galaxias maculatus, a riparian-spawning fish. Ecological Indicators, 91, 617-625. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.03.061
Orchard, S., & Hickford, M. J. H. (2018). Census survey approach to quantifying īnanga spawning habitat for conservation and management. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 52(2), 284-294. doi:10.1080/00288330.2017.1392990.

Technical reports
Orchard, S., & Measures, R. (2017). Sea level rise impacts in the Avon Heathcote Estuary Ihutai. Salinity intrusion and īnanga spawning scenarios. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council. 56pp.
Orchard, S. (2017). Response of īnanga spawning habitat to riparian vegetation management in the Avon & Heathcote catchments. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council. 35pp.
Orchard, S. (2017). Integrated assessment frameworks for evaluating large scale river corridor restoration. Report prepared for the Avon Ōtākaro Network. Christchurch, New Zealand. 35pp. ISBN 978-0-473-39796-8. 
Orchard, S., Meurk, C., & Smith, E. (2017). Restoration opportunities assessment for the Avon Ōtākaro Red Zone using a local knowledge approach. Report prepared for the Avon Ōtākaro Network. Christchurch, New Zealand. 50pp. ISBN 978-0-473-39795-1. 
Orchard, S., (2017). Floodplain restoration principles for the Avon-Ōtākaro Red Zone. Case studies and recommendations. Report prepared for Avon Ōtākaro Network, Christchurch, N.Z. 40pp. ISBN 978-0-473-39705-0. 
Orchard, S. (2016). Identifying īnanga spawning sites in plans: options for addressing post-quake spawning in Ōtautahi Christchurch. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council and Environment Canterbury. Christchurch: University of Canterbury. 14pp. 
Orchard, S. & Hickford, M. (2016). Spatial effects of the Canterbury earthquakes on īnanga spawning habitat and implications for waterways management. Report prepared for IPENZ Rivers Group and Ngāi Tahu Research Centre. Waterways Centre for Freshwater Management and Marine Ecology Research Group. Christchurch: University of Canterbury. 37pp. 
Orchard, S. & Measures, R. (2016). Development of a fine-scale salinity model for the Avon Heathcote Estuary Ihutai. Report prepared for Brian Mason Scientific & Technical Trust. Christchurch: University of Canterbury & NIWA. 22pp.
Book chapters & case studies
Orchard, S. & Challies, E. (in press). Managing peri-urban floodplains and urban-rural connectivity: A case study in ecosystems governance following a disaster event.
Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 
Orchard (2018). Community-based approaches for restoring biodiversity in coastal parks. In M. Fishborn & Z. Levitina (Eds.), Solutions in Focus: Community-led successes in marine conservation. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. pp 22-23.
Orchard, S. (2016). Community-led approaches and climate change: Perspectives from coastal restoration projects. In: Adapting to the consequences of climate change: engaging with communities. NZ Coastal Society Special Publication. Wellington: IPENZ. pp 23-27. 
Orchard, S. (2014). Potential roles for coastal protected areas in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation:  a case study of dune management in Christchurch, New Zealand. In: Murti, R. and Buyck, C. (ed.) (2014). Safe Havens: Protected Areas for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. pp 83-93.
Conference proceedings
Orchard, D. S. E., Hickford, M. J. H., Schiel, D. R. & Measures, R. (2018). Conservation planning for climate change: How might a natural disaster help us with sea level rise? Waterways Centre for Freshwater Management Postgraduate Conference. Lincoln, New Zealand, 20 November, 2018.  
Orchard, D. S. E., Hickford, M. J. H., & Schiel, D. R. (2018). Conservation biology insights from an extreme event: A new understanding of whitebait habitat following earthquake-induced landscape change. Society for Conservation Biology 5th Oceania Congress, Wellington, New Zealand, 2-5 July, 2018. 
Orchard, S. (2017). Challenges for the protection of dynamic natural resources. An example of habitat shifts following river engineering and tectonic events. 3rd International Conference Bioresource and Stress Management, Jaipur, India, 8-11 November, 2017.
Orchard, S. (2017). Coastal restoration and adaptation to climate change. Coastal Restoration Trust of New Zealand Conference. Christchurch, New Zealand, 22–26 March, 2017.
Orchard, S., Hickford, M. & Schiel, D. (2016). Use of artificial habitats to quantify īnanga spawning areas for conservation and management. New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Conference. Invercargill, New Zealand, 5-9 December, 2016. 
McMurtrie, S., Brennan, K. Hickford, M., Orchard, S. & Lenihan, T.M. (2016). Whaka Inaka : Causing Whitebait – improving īnanga spawning in Christchurch’s waterways. New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Conference. Invercargill, New Zealand, 5-9 December, 2016. 
Orchard, S. (2016). Applying ecosystem-based management to riparian management: addressing critical habitat objectives in statutory plans. Waterways Centre for Freshwater Management Postgraduate Conference. Lincoln, New Zealand, 15 November, 2016. 
Orchard, S., Hickford, M. & Schiel, D. (2016). Planning for whitebait: applying vulnerability assessment to īnanga spawning sites. Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Science Association, Wellington, New Zealand, 4-7 July, 2016. 
Hickford, M., Orchard, S. & Schiel, D. (2016). Causing whitebait: using artificial habitat installations to identify potential spawning site locations for īnanga. Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Science Association, Wellington, New Zealand, 4-7 July, 2016.  
Orchard, S. (2014). Dune restoration for protection against coastal hazards. IUCN World Parks Congress, Guidelines for sustainability and ecosystem-based climate change adaptation in the coastal zone, Sydney, 12-19 November 2014.
Outreach
Department of Conservation (2018). Te Tiaki Īnanga project. Te reo Māori (PDF, 3,190K)English (PDF, 2,750K).
Venture Taranaki (2018). Inanga ora ki te awa o Waitara. Curious Minds He Hihiri I Te Mahara. Participatory Science Platform, Taranaki Update 2018.
Orchard, S, (2017). Whitebait and the extinction debate: how can we prevent the extinction of whitebait?. Waterways Centre for Freshwater Management and Marine Ecology Research Group, University of Canterbury. 
Hickford, M., & Orchard, S. (2017). Survey method for locating īnanga spawning sites at a catchment scale. Waterways Centre for Freshwater Management and Marine Ecology Research Group, University of Canterbury.
Orchard, S. (2016). Artificial habitats as a tool to detect īnanga spawning sites on degraded waterway margins. Whaka Inaka : Causing Whitebait public talk, 14 December 2016, Cassels & Sons, Christchurch.
University of Canterbury (2016). Resilience research on whitebait. Chronicle 52, 22.
Whaka Inaka partners (2016). WHAKA INAKA : CAUSING WHITEBAIT project summary. Available from EOS Ecology here
Whaka Inaka partners (2016). WHAKA INAKA : CAUSING WHITEBAIT project summary. Available from EOS Ecology here
Orchard, S. (2016). Recovery of īnanga spawning sites following the Canterbury earthquakes. Ngāi Tahu Research Centre Seminar, Te Ao Marama, University of Canterbury, New Zealand, 29 June, 2016.
Orchard, S. (2016). Community-based approaches for restoring biodiversity in coastal parks. PANORAMA – Solutions for a Healthy Planet. 
Media articles
Less mowing leads to more whitebait. Christchurch City Council, 17 August 2017
Ground-breaking project to boost Christchurch whitebait - Whaka Īnaka. University of Canterbury, 3 April 2017.
"Hotel Hilton" habitat for whitebait. Southern View. 14 December 2015.
Canterbury's whitebait and birds to win in Government funding boost. The Press, 14 September 2015.
Boost for mahinga kai species. Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu, 14 September 2015.
Whitebait find new sites to lay eggs post Canterbury earthquakes. TVNZ One News, 16 March 2015.
Whitebait on the move. University of Canterbury, 16 March 2015.

RELATED PROJECTS

River / floodplain restoration & whitebait
Orchard, S. (2018). Īnanga spawning habitat assessment for Alymers Strea, Banks Peninsula. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council, November 2018. 5pp.  
Orchard, S. (2018). Īnanga spawning survey of Linwood Canal and Steamwharf Stream. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council, June 2018. 22pp. 
Orchard, S. (2018). Īnanga spawning in Takamatua Stream, Banks Peninsula. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council, May 2018. 20pp. 
Orchard, S. (2018). Īnanga spawning habitat in the Waitara Catchment. Report prepared Otaraua Hapū and Waitara Alive, March 2018. 13pp. 
Hickford, M., & Orchard, S. (2017).  Cobden wetlands īnanga habitat assessment and recommendations for future management. Prepared for Department of Conservation, Greymouth, May 2017.

Beach and dune management
Bergin, D., Dahm, J. & Orchard, S. (2017). Rapid-step method for surveying coastal dune vegetation. Guidelines for communities. Poster presentation. Coastal Restoration Trust of New Zealand Conference. Christchurch, New Zealand, 22–26 March, 2017. 
Orchard, S. (2017). Community dune projects in Ōtautahi Christchurch. Coastal Restoration Trust of New Zealand Conference. Christchurch, New Zealand, 22–26 March, 2017.

Surf break management
Atkin, E., Orchard, S. & Mead, S. (2018). Development of the regional significance concept for the protection of surf breaksNew Zealand Coastal Society Conference. Tairāwhiti - Gisborne, New Zealand, 20-23 November, 2016. 
Orchard, S., (2018). Status assessment of Taranaki surf breaks using regional significance criteria. Report prepared for Surfbreak Protection Society, June 2018. 13pp. 
Orchard, S., (2017). Regional significance criteria for the assessment of surf breaks. Report prepared for Taranaki Regional Council. 27pp.  
Orchard, S. (2017). Lessons for the design of surf resource protection – The Australasian experience. Ocean & Coastal Management, 148, 104-112. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.07.019
Orchard, S. (2017). A comparison of New Zealand and Australian surf break protection systems. In Proceedings of the 1st World Surfing Symposium, Gold Coast, Australia, 13-17, March 2017. Gold Coast, GCWSR.
Orchard, S. (2016). Surf break management in New Zealand. Surfers Academy Symposium, Surf Medicine International. Wellington, New Zealand, 1 October, 2016.

Citizen science
Venture Taranaki (2017). Inanga ora ki te awa o Waitara.
Orchard, S. (2016). Using citizen science for coastal data collectionCoastal News 62, 3-4.
Orchard, S. & Kettles, H. (2016). Coastal and Marine Citizen Science in New Zealand. NZMSS Workshop Proceedings. Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Science Association, Wellington, New Zealand, 4-7 July, 2016.
Meurk, C.D., Sullivan, J., Orchard, S., Meurk, C.S., Dawson, M., Matthews, B. & Pawson, S. (2016).  Can Citizen Science learn something from Pokemon-Go? Joint Conference of the Society for Ecological Restoration Australasia (SERA) & the New Zealand Ecological Society (NZES), Hamilton, New Zealand, 19-23 November, 2016.
Orchard, S. (2016). More power to the people: enabling spatial capability in a national citizen science platform. New Zealand Coastal Society Conference. Dunedin, New Zealand, 16-18 November, 2016.
Sullivan, J., Meurk, C.D., Orchard, S., Meurk, C.S., Pawson, S., Cooper, J. & Watkins, D. (2015). Monitoring Nature: Our online guide. New Zealand Bio-Recording Network (NZBRN) Trust. 43pp.
Orchard, S. & Smith, E. (2015). Combining biological data mapping with citizen science. Promoting interoperability using NatureWatch NZ. Mapping our Nature, Wellington, New Zealand, 18-19 June, 2015. Wellington, Department of Conservation.

 




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