People - Shane Orchard


Qualifications

M.Sc (1st Class Hons) University of Canterbury
B.Sc University of Canterbury,
PGDipMāoriResEnvtlMgmt Massey University, 
National Certificate in Adult Education & Training Te Wānanga o Aotearoa

Research interests
Conservation policy & planning for nature-based recreation & recreational fisheries.
Protection of aquatic boundary environments with natural extremes and climate change.
Commmunity-based approaches.

Recent publications

Nature-based recreation

Rankin, D. A., & Orchard, S. (2019). Quantifying the impacts of water abstraction on kayaking and rafting values in the Rangitata River, Canterbury, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Hydrology, 58(1), 19-39.
Orchard, S., Atkin, E. A., & Mead, S. T. (2019). Development of the regional significance concept for surf break management in Aotearoa New Zealand. Journal of Coastal Research, 87, 23-34. doi:10.2112/SI87-003.1
Orchard, S. & Miller, A. (2018). Glacial recession. Impacts and implications for planning in national parks. In PA2050 Future of Protected Areas Symposium. Lincoln University, 21-22 June, 2018.  
Orchard, S., Cocks, J., Tanner, C., Finlayson, J., Nepia, E., Vass, D., Mackenzie, E. & Miller, A. (2018). Recreational Access in Aoraki Mount Cook and Westland National Parks. A survey of stakeholder perspectives. New Zealand Alpine Club. 39pp. 
Orchard, S., (2018). Status assessment of Taranaki surf breaks using regional significance criteria. Report prepared for Surfbreak Protection Society, June 2018. 13pp.
Orchard, S., (2017). Regional significance criteria for the assessment of surf breaks. Report prepared for Taranaki Regional Council. 27pp.
Orchard, S. (2017). A comparison of New Zealand and Australian surf break protection systems. In Proceedings of the 1st World Surfing Symposium. Gold Coast World Surfing Reserve, Australia, 13-17, March 2017.
Orchard, S. (2017). Lessons for the design of surf resource protection – The Australasian experience. Ocean & Coastal Management, 148, 104-112. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.07.019
Orchard, S. (2016). Surf break management in New Zealand. In Surfers Academy Symposium. Surf Medicine International. Wellington, New Zealand, 1 October, 2016.
Orchard, S. (2015). Sustainable mountain initiatives in New Zealand. Report prepared for Global Mountain Partnership.
Rankin, D.A. & Orchard, S. (2015). Impacts of the Proposed Waitaha River Westpower Hydro Scheme on White Water and Kayaking Values. Report prepared for Whitewater New Zealand, January 2015, 75pp.
Gunson, M., Orchard, S. & Windsor, P. (2014). Identification of Wellington Regional Surfbreaks. Report prepared for eCoast Ltd and Greater Wellington Regional Council, 35pp.
Rennie, H.G., Orchard, S. & Peryman, B. (2014). Applying an effects-based approach to the sustainable management of surf breaks. Planning Quarterly 193, 11-13.
Orchard, S., Peryman, B. & Rennie, H. (2014). Surf break planning advances. Coastal News 55, 1-2.
Orchard, S. (2014).  Review of Aurora Energy Ltd Notice of Requirement for Designation to Queenstown Lakes District Council. Report prepared for Whitewater New Zealand and Central Otago Whitewater, June 2014.
Skellern, M., Peryman, B., Orchard, S. & Rennie, H. (2013). Planning approaches for the management of surf breaks in New Zealand. Report prepared for Auckland Council, Bay of Plenty Regional Council and Surfbreak Protection Society, December 2013. 98pp.
Peryman, P.B. & Orchard, S. (2013). Understanding the values associated with New Zealand surf breaks and implications for management. Lincoln Planning Review 4(2), 8-18.

Recreational fisheries
Orchard, S., & Hickford, M. J. H. (in press). Protected area effectiveness for fish spawning habitat in relation to earthquake-induced landscape change.  R. Maiti, H. G. Rodríguez, C. A. Kumari, D. Mandal, & N. C. Sarkar (Eds.), Sustainable Bioresource Management: Climate Change Mitigation and Natural Resource Conservation. Apple Academic Press.
Orchard, S. (2019). Conservation prioritisation methodology for īnanga spawning sites. Report prepared for Department of Conservation, November 2019. 47pp.
Orchard, S. (2019). River restoration opportunities in Amelia Rogers Reserve. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council, April 2019. 12pp. 
Orchard, S. (2019). Baseline assessment of īnanga spawning habitat in the Mahitahi River, South Westland. Report prepared for Department of Conservation, March 2019. 13pp.  
Orchard, S. & Thorpe, K. (2018). Restoration strategies for river banks in the lower Ōpāwaho / Heathcote River. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council, December 2018. 22pp. 
Orchard, S. (2018). Īnanga spawning habitat assessment for Alymers Stream, Banks Peninsula. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council, November 2018. 5pp.  
Orchard, S. (2018). Īnanga spawning habitat quality. Rapid assessment protocol for field surveys. Report prepared for Canterbury Regional Council River Engineers, November 2018. 21pp.
Orchard, S., Hickford, M. J. H., & Schiel, D. R. (2018). Conservation biology insights from an extreme event: A new understanding of whitebait habitat following earthquake-induced landscape change. In Society for Conservation Biology 5th Oceania Congress. Wellington, New Zealand, 2-5 July, 2018.
Orchard, S., Hickford, M. J. H., & Schiel, D. R. (2018). Earthquake-induced habitat migration in a riparian spawning fish has implications for conservation management. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 28(3)702-712. doi:10.1002/aqc.2898
Orchard, S., Hickford, M. J. H., & Schiel, D. R. (2018). Use of artificial habitats to detect spawning sites for the conservation of Galaxias maculatus, a riparian-spawning fish. Ecological Indicators, 91, 617-625. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.03.061
Orchard, S., & Hickford, M. J. H. (2018). Census survey approach to quantifying īnanga spawning habitat for conservation and management. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 52(2), 284-294. doi:10.1080/00288330.2017.1392990.
Orchard, S. (2018). Īnanga spawning survey of Linwood Canal and Steamwharf Stream. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council, June 2018. 22pp.
Orchard, S. (2018). Īnanga spawning in Takamatua Stream, Banks Peninsula. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council, May 2018. 20pp.
Orchard, S. (2018). Īnanga spawning habitat in the Waitara Catchment. Report prepared Otaraua Hapū and Waitara Alive, March 2018. 13pp.
Orchard, S. & Measures, R. (2017). Sea level rise impacts in the Avon Heathcote Estuary Ihutai. Salinity intrusion and īnanga spawning scenarios. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council, November 2017. 56pp.
Orchard, S. (2017). Response of īnanga spawning habitat to riparian vegetation management in the Avon & Heathcote catchments. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council, May 2017. 35pp.
Hickford, M., & Orchard, S. (2017). Cobden wetlands īnanga habitat assessment and recommendations for future management. Report prepared for Department of Conservation, Greymouth, May 2017. 
Orchard, S., Hickford, M. & Schiel, D. (2016). Use of artificial habitats to quantify īnanga spawning areas for conservation and management. New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Conference. Invercargill, New Zealand, 5-9 December, 2016.
McMurtrie, S., Brennan, K. Hickford, M., Orchard, S. & Lenihan, T.M. (2016). Whaka Inaka : Causing Whitebait – improving īnanga spawning in Christchurch’s waterways. In New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Conference. Invercargill, New Zealand, 5-9 December, 2016.
Orchard, S. (2016). Applying ecosystem-based management to riparian management: addressing critical habitat objectives in statutory plans. In Waterways Centre for Freshwater Management Conference.  Lincoln, New Zealand, 15 November, 2016.
Orchard, S., Hickford, M. & Schiel, D. (2016). Planning for whitebait: applying vulnerability assessment to īnanga spawning sites. In Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Science Association. Wellington, New Zealand, 4-7 July, 2016.
Hickford, M., Orchard, S. & Schiel, D. (2016). Causing whitebait: using artificial habitat installations to identify potential spawning site locations for īnanga. In Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Science Association. Wellington, New Zealand, 4-7 July, 2016.
Orchard, S. (2016). Recovery of īnanga spawning sites following the Canterbury earthquakes. In Ngāi Tahu Research Centre Seminar. Te Ao Marama, University of Canterbury, New Zealand, 29 June, 2016.
Orchard, S. (2016). Identifying inanga spawning sites in plans: options for addressing post-quake spawning in Ōtautahi Christchurch. Report prepared for Christchurch City Council and Environment Canterbury, February 2016. 14pp.
Orchard, S. & Hickford, M. (2016). Spatial effects of the Canterbury earthquakes on īnanga spawning habitat and implications for waterways management. Report prepared for IPENZ Rivers Group and Ngāi Tahu Research Centre, February 2016. Christchurch: Waterways Centre for Freshwater Management and Marine Ecology Research Group, University of Canterbury. 37pp.

Conservation planning
Orchard, S. & Challies, E. (in press). Managing peri-urban floodplains and urban-rural connectivity: A case study in ecosystems governance following a disaster event. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 
Schiel, D. R., Alestra, T., Gerrity, S., Orchard, S., Dunmore, R., Pirker, J., . . . Thomsen, M. (2019). The Kaikōura earthquake in southern New Zealand: Loss of connectivity of marine communities and the necessity of a cross‐ecosystem perspective. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 29(9), 1520-1534. doi:10.1002/aqc.3122
Orchard, S. (2019). Earthquake resilience & climate change. Avon Heathcote Estuary Ihutai Trust Workshop. Environment Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, 22–26 March, 2019.
Orchard, S. (2017). Challenges for the protection of dynamic natural resources – an example of spatiotemporal habitat shifts following river engineering and tectonic events. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of Bioresource and Stress Management. Jaipur, India, 8-11 November, 2017. Kolkata, Puspa Publishing.
Bergin, D., Dahm, J. & Orchard, S. (2017). Rapid-step method for surveying coastal dune vegetation. Guidelines for communities. Poster presented at Coastal Restoration Trust of New Zealand Conference. Christchurch, New Zealand, 22–26 March, 2017.
Orchard, S. (2017). Community dune projects in Ōtautahi Christchurch. In Coastal Restoration Trust of New Zealand Conference. Christchurch, New Zealand, 22–26 March, 2017.
Orchard, S. (2017). Coastal restoration and adaptation to climate change. Coastal Restoration Trust of New Zealand Conference. Christchurch, New Zealand, 22–26 March, 2017.
Orchard, S. (2017). Integrated assessment frameworks for evaluating large scale river corridor restoration. Report prepared for the Avon Ōtākaro Network. Christchurch, New Zealand. 35pp. ISBN 978-0-473-39796-8.
Orchard, S., Meurk, C., & Smith, E. (2017). Restoration opportunities assessment for the Avon Ōtākaro Red Zone using a local knowledge approach. Report prepared for the Avon Ōtākaro Network. Christchurch, New Zealand. 50pp. ISBN 978-0-473-39795-1.
Orchard, S., (2017). Floodplain restoration principles for the Avon-Ōtākaro Red Zone. Case studies and recommendations. Report prepared for Avon Ōtākaro Network, Christchurch, N.Z. 40pp. ISBN 978-0-473-39705-0.
Orchard, S. & Measures, R. (2016). Development of a fine-scale salinity model for the Avon Heathcote Estuary Ihutai. Report prepared for Brian Mason Scientific & Technical Trust, September 2016. Christchurch: Waterways Centre for Freshwater Management, University of Canterbury & NIWA. 22pp.
Orchard, S. (2016). Mahinga Kai Exemplar: Baseline survey 2015. Report prepared for Avon Ōtākaro Network, April 2016. 29pp.
Orchard, S. (2014). Dune restoration for protection against coastal hazards. In Guidelines for sustainability and ecosystem-based climate change adaptation in the coastal zone, IUCN World Parks Congress. Sydney, November 2014.
Orchard, S., Peryman, B., Hughes, M., McCurdy, R., Nick Brunsdon, N., King, A., Neville, J., Stratford, S., Walcott, M., Allan, S., Huggins, K., Lewis, W., Miller, J., Maloney, S., Anderson, K., Cooper, R., Eaves, A., Ellery, R., Kilkenny-Brown, S., Cross, J., Macdonald, K., Manzano, F., Needham, F., Robilliard, R., Bethell, Z., Harris, J., Joseph, B., Walker, A., & Woodruff, A. (2014). Habitat Sumner: a study of post-earthquake recovery for the natural environment in Sumner, New Zealand. Report prepared for Sumner Community Group, February, 2014.
Orchard, S. (2014). Potential roles for coastal protected areas in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation:  a case study of dune management in Christchurch, New Zealand. In: Murti, R. and Buyck, C. (Eds.), Safe Havens: Protected Areas for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. pp 83-93.
Orchard, S. & Smith, E. (2013). Managing the environmental effects of plantation forestry: a case study in the Ngunguru catchment, Northland, New Zealand. Report prepared for Environment and Conservation Organisations of New Zealand and Ngunguru Sandspit Protection Society, December 2013, 33pp.
Orchard, S. & London, J. (2013). Ecological Restoration Plan for Sumner Beach Dunes. Report prepared for Sumner Coastcare Project, Christchurch, July 2013.
Hart, N. & Orchard. S. (2013). Ecological Restoration and Landscape Plan for Hawea Whitewater Park. Prepared for Central Otago Whitewater and Contact Energy, February 2013.
Orchard, S., Lang, M., Falwasser, T., Rupene, M., Te Karu, T, Tirikatene-Nash, N. & Williams, C. (2012). State of the Takiwā 2012 Ruataniwha - Cultural Health Assessment of the Ruataniwha / Cam River and catchment. Christchurch, NZ: Mahaanui Kurataiao Ltd, December 2012.
Orchard, S. & Lobb, A. (2012). Protection methods for puna (springs) and waipuna (spring water) to recognize and provide for Ngāi Tahu values in the Puharakekenui catchment. Prepared by Mahaanui Kurataiao Ltd for Christchurch City Council, November 2012.
Orchard, S. & Lobb, A. (2012). Protection methods for tributaries and headwater streams to recognize and provide for Ngāi Tahu values in the Puharakekenui catchment. Prepared by Mahaanui Kurataiao Ltd for Christchurch City Council, November 2012.
Orchard, S. (2012). Recommendations for recognition of Ngāi Tahu values in the classification of waterways in the Puharakekenui / Styx catchment. Prepared by Mahaanui Kurataiao Ltd for Christchurch City Council, November 2012.
Orchard, S., Sarson, R., Lang, M., Falwasser, T., Rupene, M., Williams, C., & Tirikatene-Nash, N. (2012). State of the Takiwā 2012 Puharakekenui - Cultural Health Assessment of the Puharakekenui / Styx River, Brooklands Lagoon / Te Riu o Te Aika Kawa and catchment. Christchurch, NZ: Mahaanui Kurataiao Ltd, July 2012.
Lang, M., Orchard, S., Falwasser, T., Rupene, M., Williams, C., Tirikatene-Nash, N., & Couch, R. (2012). State of the Takiwā 2012 -Te Ähuatanga o Te Ihutai. Cultural Health Assessment of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary and its Catchment. Christchurch, NZ: Mahaanui Kurataiao Ltd, July 2012.
Orchard, S. & Lobb, A. (2012). Cultural Impact Assessment for the NZTA Western Belfast Bypass. Prepared by Mahaanui Kurataiao Ltd for New Zealand Transport Authority, March 2012.
Orchard, S. & Lobb, A. (2012). Cultural Impact Assessment for the NZTA Northern Arterial project. Prepared by Mahaanui Kurataiao Ltd for New Zealand Transport Authority, March 2012.
Orchard, S. (2011). Implications of the New Zealand Coastal Policy Statement for New Zealand communities. Report prepared for Environment and Conservation Organisations of New Zealand, Wellington, August 2011. 46pp.
Orchard, S. (2011). Environmental Outcomes for Plantation Forestry. Report prepared for Ministry for the Environment, February 2011, 63pp.
Sinclair Knight Merz Ltd (2011). Canterbury Strategic Water Study Preliminary Strategic Assessment: Project 5 Efficiency improvements and redistribution of allocations. Report prepared for Canterbury Water Executive, December 2010, 211pp.
Orchard, S. & Holdaway, R. (2010). Review of carbon monitoring research design for the Mokihinui Restoration Project. Report prepared for Solid Energy New Zealand, October 2010, 42pp.
Orchard, S. (2010). Options assessment for ecological restoration works within Tūhaitara Coastal Park. Report prepared for Te Kōhaka o Tūhaitara Trust, September 2010, 5pp.
Orchard, S. (2010). Ecological evaluation of the Mokihinui Restoration Project: monitoring requirements and status. Report prepared for Solid Energy New Zealand, June 2010, 10pp.
Orchard, S. (2010). Ecological restoration of Tutaepatu lagoon. Report prepared for Te Kōhaka o Tūhaitara Trust, April 2010. 15pp.
Dunston, C., Orchard, S., Kroos, T. & Beeney, S. (2009). Restoration plan for Area  A/1, Tutaepatu Lagoon. Report prepared for Te Kohaka o Tuhaitara Trust, November 2009, 38pp.

Community-based natural resource management
Orchard, S. (2019). Growing citizen science for conservation to support diverse project objectives and the motivations of volunteers. Pacific Conservation Biology, 25(4), 342-344. doi:10.1071/PC18011
Orchard (2018). Community-based approaches for restoring biodiversity in coastal parks. In M. Fishborn & Z. Levitina (Eds.), Solutions in Focus: Community-led successes in marine conservation. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. pp 22-23.
Orchard, S. (2016). Using citizen science for coastal data collection. Coastal News 62, 3-4.
Orchard, S. (2016). Community-led approaches and climate change: Perspectives from coastal restoration projects. In S. Biswell (Ed.), Adapting to the consequences of climate change: engaging with communities. NZ Coastal Society Special Publication. Wellington: New Zealand Coastal Society. pp23-27.
Smith, E., Roberts, E. & Orchard, S. (2016). Citizen Science - informing decision makers. Project Hotspot case study. In Joint Conference of the Society for Ecological Restoration Australasia (SERA) & the New Zealand Ecological Society. Hamilton, New Zealand, 19-23 November, 2016.
Meurk, C.D., Sullivan, J., Orchard, S., Meurk, C.S., Dawson, M., Matthews, B. & Pawson, S. (2016).  Can Citizen Science learn something from Pokemon-Go? In Joint Conference of the Society for Ecological Restoration Australasia (SERA) & the New Zealand Ecological Society. Hamilton, New Zealand, 19-23 November, 2016.
Orchard, S. (2016). More power to the people: enabling spatial capability in a national citizen science platform. In New Zealand Coastal Society Conference. Dunedin, New Zealand, 16-18 November, 2016
Orchard, S. & Kettles, H. (2016). Coastal and Marine Citizen Science in New Zealand. NZMSS Workshop Proceedings. In Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Science Association. Wellington, New Zealand, 4-7 July, 2016.
Orchard, S. (2016). Overview of the NatureWatch NZ participatory science platform. In Seaweek Symposium. New Plymouth, New Zealand, 2 March, 2016.
Orchard, S., Meurk, C., Sullivan, J., Pawson, S. & Cooper, J. (2015). Combining biological data mapping with citizen science. In Mapping our Nature Conference. Department of Conservation, Wellington, New Zealand, 18-19 June, 2015.
Orchard, S. & Smith, E. (2015). Promoting interoperability using NatureWatch NZ. In Mapping our Nature Conference. Department of Conservation, Wellington, New Zealand, 18-19 June, 2015.
Orchard, S. (2015). Community-based approaches for restoring biodiversity in coastal parks. Inspiring Protected Areas Solutions PANORAMA programme, IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas.
Sullivan, J., Meurk, C.D., Orchard, S., Meurk, C.S., Pawson, S., Cooper, J. & Watkins, D. (2015). Monitoring Nature: Our online guide. New Zealand Bio-Recording Network Trust. 43pp.
Orchard, S. & McDonald, M. (2013). Using NatureWatch NZ for biology education in schools. In BioLive Conference. Christchurch, New Zealand, 14-17 July 2013.
Orchard, S. (2013). Maintaining momentum in community initiatives and long term environmental projects. In Environment and Conservation Organisations Conference, Arthurs Pass, New Zealand, 14-15 January 2013.
Orchard, S. & Peryman, B. (2012). Facilitating community involvement in council–community master planning. Lincoln Planning Review 3(2), 41-50.
Orchard, S. (2011). Community collaboration at the flax-roots as a means to progress. Lincoln Planning Review 3(1), 8-11.
Krumdieck, S. & Orchard, S. (2011). Signs of Change National e-Conference: Highlighting emerging sustainability and social business. Social Business 1, 37-58.
Orchard, S. & Peryman, P.B. (2010). Models for the delivery of support services to community groups. Report prepared for Sumner Community & Residents Association, Christchurch, New Zealand. 28pp.

Affiliations

Community / NGO roles   
CoChair, Citizen Science Association of Aotearoa New Zealand   
Trustee, MAIN Trust New Zealand
Avon Ōtākaro Network, Strategic Steering Group
Litter Intelligence, Data Science
Contributor, IUCN Guidelines on Protected Areas for Disaster Risk Reduction.
Reviewer, World Heritage Site nominations (WCPA).
Reviewer, Intergovernmental Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Deliverable 3(c): Assessment of methodologies for scenario analysis and modelling of biodiversity and ecosystem services.

Research Groups

Project links
RECOVER Kaikōura earthquake recovery project
Whaka Inaka : Causing Whitebait - post-earthquake project on whitebait conservation
Avon Ōtākaro Network - community-led earthquake recovery initiative for the Avon / Ōtākaro river corridor
Project Hotspot - school based citizen science programme
Coastblitz - simple template for participatory science
Sustainable Coastlines www.litterintelligence.org
MAIN Trust - supports a variety of community projects at regional & national scales

    Contact Details

    Phone: +64 21 318548   |   Fax: +64 3 364 2365   |   Email:  shane.orchard@canterbury.ac.nz
    School of Biological Sciences
    School of Earth and Environment
    University of Canterbury
    Private Bag 4800
    Christchurch
    New Zealand

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